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IT Jargon for Beginners Explained

November 13, 2023

The tech world can seem like a labyrinth to the uninitiated, with its own language and customs. It’s essential, now more than ever, to understand the basic jargon that paves the digital streets. Let’s embark on a journey to decode the lexicon of the information technology realm.

Cloud Computing
Cloud Computing is a term that floats around quite often. In simplest terms, it refers to storing and accessing data and programs over the internet instead of on your computer’s hard drive. The ‘cloud’ is just a metaphor for the internet. This technology enables on-demand access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources, such as networks, servers, storage, applications, and services.

Big Data
Big Data refers to the massive volumes of data that can be analyzed for insights to lead to better decisions and strategic business moves. The term is not only about the data itself but also encompasses the technology and methods used to analyze it.

Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT) connects everyday objects to the internet, allowing them to send and receive data. Imagine your refrigerator ordering milk online when you’re running low, or your thermostat adjusting the temperature based on your preferences and schedule — that’s IoT in action.

Machine Learning
Machine Learning is a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that allows software applications to become more accurate in predicting outcomes without being explicitly programmed to do so. Machine learning algorithms use historical data as input to predict new output values.

Often associated with cryptocurrencies, Blockchain is a system of recording information in a way that makes it difficult or impossible to change, hack, or cheat the system. It is a digital ledger of transactions that is duplicated and distributed across the entire network of computer systems on the blockchain.

Agile methodology is an approach to project management, typically used in software development. It helps teams respond to unpredictability through incremental, iterative work cadences, known as sprints.

DevOps is a set of practices that combines software development (Dev) and IT operations (Ops). It aims to shorten the systems development life cycle and provide continuous delivery with high software quality.

Cybersecurity refers to the practice of protecting systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks. These cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information, extorting money from users, or interrupting normal business processes.

Understanding these terms is just the first step in navigating the complex world of IT. As technology continues to advance at a rapid pace, the jargon will evolve too. Keeping up with these terms can help individuals across all levels of a business communicate more effectively and stay ahead in the digital age.

Photo by fizkes from Getty Images

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